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St. George’s Cathedral – A Brief History


Place of History

In the history of Christianity, St. George’s Cathedral occupies a place of glory. It was here on September 27, 1947, that the Church of South India was inaugurated. The Cathedral was packed to its capacity and the huge shamiyana outside held over 2000 persons. There were satisfaction, happiness and optimism writ on the faces of those who attended this inauguration.

St. George’s Cathedral has been marked in the history on that day. It blazed a new trail marking the breaking down of ecclesiastical barriers. It was here that the divisions among Christians of various traditions were healed.

It’s Beauty

The beauty of St. George’s Cathedral is not only in the tall spire and unparalleled pillars but also in its high class statues, mural tablets and memorials inside. The Cathedral is certainly a massive and majestic piece of architectural grandeur resting on an elegant tier of steps.

The decorative memorials and articles inside are history in stone that speak the stories of great men and women who built and equipped this temple and worshipped and prayed in this House of God. The Governors of Fort St. George and their families worshipped here and also the Viceroys when they visited Madras.

The Beginning

It is refreshing and revealing to look back to its history. St. George’s Church was opened in 1815. It is stated that the church was completed by the people themselves with the aid of a lottery fund. It cost 41,709 pagodas; furniture, the organ and the architect’s commission increased the cost to 57,225 pagodas. The East India Company’s Senior Engineer Col. J.L. Caldwell designed the church and his assistant Capt DeHaviland, finished the construction. The site with an advantageous location was called the Choultry Plain. Though the Presidency Chaplain conducted the services from 1815, it was on 6th January 1816, that the first Anglican Bishop in India, Rt. Rev.Thomas Fanshaw Middleton consecrated the church to “the service of God according to the use of the Church of England”. He wrote “I was assisted on this occasion by seven of my clergy, a great number to bring together in this country”.

The Loyal Congregation

Since 1815, the church grew by leaps and bounds in various ways. The south – eastern corner was set aside for the cemetery. DeHaviland’s wife was the first to be buried here. The belfry was completed in 1832. The altar table was donated by Miss De La Fond. The bells and the chiming device were donated by Mr. Banbury and the Rev. Thomas Foulkes respectively. The brass altar cross was donated by Surgeon – General Cornish. The lectern was a memorial tribute by his friends to Deacon Warlow. The Episcopal chair was gift from Mr. F.E. Kneale. The Bishop’s Throne, Litany stool and the clergy seats were carved by W.S. Whiteside of the Madras Civil Service.

The gold chalice and paten for Holy Communion were donated by Lt. Col. Herbert St. Clare Carrunthers in 1908. They weigh 3 lbs 7 ounces in 18 carat gold. The chalice is set with diamonds in the form of a cross. The altar rail was erected by P.Orr and Sons to the memory of Edward William Orr, a faithful member of the choir, who died in 1913. The marble baptismal font was gifted by the congregation. I had the privilege of donating a silver bowl for baptism which was held during the regular services till the font was brought to the front.

A Cathedral

It was in 1835, that St. George’s Church became prominent as the Cathedral of Madras. The chancel was later lengthened with a ten foot radius semicircular apse. The Vestry and the Lady Chapel were also added later. In 1884, the Trustees replaced the plaster roof of the nave by one of teakwood and patterned it with papier-mâché. When in 1947, a large portion of the Cathedral ceiling collapsed, the congregation raised over Rs. 50000 for extensive repairs to the roof under the able leadership of Rev. R.L. Watson. The Cathedral itself was closed and services were conducted outside, with the altar and Choir stalls on the south porch and the pews on the gravel between the porch and the graveyard. The Cathedral was opened with a service of thanksgiving after over six months of closure.

Tribute to Bishops

A personal study of the statues, memorial tablets and brass plaques gives an interesting peep into the history of Christian life under British rule for over two centuries. At the left entrance to the Cathedral is the statue of the Rt. Rev. Daniel Corrie, the first Bishop of Madras (1835-1837). Associated with many schools, he is shown with an open Bible blessing an Indian boy in loin cloth, a sacred thread and a tuft. At the main entrance is the Rt. Rev. Thomas Dealtry, Bishop of Madras (1849-1861) in bas-relief. One who himself ordained 151 clergymen is seen blessing two young priests attended by his son Archdeacon Dealtry, the Rev.Lugard and Rev.Murphy.

At the entrance of the Lady Chapel is the bust of the Rt. Rev Frederick Gell, Bishop of Madras (1861-1899). Nearby is the alto-relieve statue of Reginald Heber by Chantry. There is a memorial tablet for the first Indian Bishop of Madras, the Rt. Rev. David Chellappa (1955-1964) erected by the congregation of St.George’s Cathedral. The consecration and installation of Bishop David Chellappa as the first Indian Bishop in Madras in 1955 was a great occasion in the Cathedral. We are always proud of the services rendered by the other Bishops of Madras the Rt.Rev. Spencer White-Head, Rt.Rev. Waller, Rt.Rev. Hollis, Rt.Rev. Newbigin, Rt.Rev. Sundar Clarke, Rt.Rev. Azariah and Rt. Rev. V. Devasahayam to whom the church is greatly indebted.

Two other memorials for Indians are the tablets from Dewan Bahadur N. Subramanyam (1841-1911) – Administrator General of Madras who founded and endowed the Kalyani Hospital and Dr. R.D.Paul who died in 1975 “after a long and devoted service to the Church, the State and the Community”.

Our Bishop Rt. Rev. J. George Stephen

The present Bishop in Madras is The Rt. Rev. Dr. J. George Stephen, who is an able administrator and man of social Concern. Ever since he took charge he is working hard to improve and develop the churches, schools and hospitals for the benefit of the poor people. The Cathedral, being the Mother Church of the Diocese helped in the construction of churches at various rural places in Madras Diocese. Through the inspiration of Bishop, the Cathedral also extends the support in helping the people who are in margins suffering for food and education. The Mother Church certainly stands as an example to all the churches in the Dioceses to follow”.

Other Religious Leaders

Many memorials were erected to the memory of British soldiers, religious leaders, educationists, police officers, engineers, businessmen, judges, medical officers and their families. There is a tablet for the Rt. Rev. Robert Caldwell, who for 53 years devoted himself to the furtherance of the Gospel among the Tamil people of Tirunelveli. Well known as a scholar and philologist, he served also as assistant to the Bishop of Madras and died at Kodaikanal in 1891. From another tablet, we see that Frederick Rowlandson was Registrar of the Diocese of Madras for 53 years and died in 1929. Similarly we see from a plaque that Edward Sell, Canon of St. George’s Cathedral had worked for 67 years in Madras and died in 1932 at the age of 93. John Mousley, the first Archdeacon in Madras (1815-1819) has a commemoration tablet by Flaxman.

Presbyter’s Page

Greetings and Welcome to the St. George’s Cathedral website.

St. George’s Cathedral has a history in the world’s Christianity. The Cathedral altar was the place where the united churches surrendered their individual identities to take up a shared identity as the Church of South India. The Cathedral continues to draw people from all walks of life for prayer, meditation and reflection.

The Cathedral, being the mother church of the Diocese of Madras supports the work of the CSI Diocese of Madras. All the major diocesan events take place here in the Cathedral beginning from the ordination service and all major celebrations of the diocese where the people of God from all over the diocese would join in.

The Cathedral is a church in Mission and besides being a place of prayer and witness in the city of Chennai, the cathedral also involves in the life of rural congregations. The Cathedral also helps people in different villages by providing support and encouragement in their efforts to break away from the clutches of poverty. The Cathedral has built several village churches in different village pastorates in the Diocese of Madras.


The Cathedral in the very heart of the city of Chennai stands as an expression of the splendor of prayer, praying not only for the members but also for the well being of the city of Chennai and for the peace of the whole world.

The Cathedral in these ways witnesses to the redemptive good news of Jesus Christ to the world that all may be one and that all may find life everlasting.

If you are in Chennai please visit the Cathedral. Please also join us in our worship services and prayer.

Grace and Peace
Rev. Immanuel Devakadatcham
Presbyter in Charge